By Seyyed Hossein Nasr, Mehdi Aminrazavi
Persia is domestic to at least one of the few civilizations on the earth that has had a continuing culture of philosophical proposal for over and a part millennia. As Islamic theology constructed within the center a while, lots of its faculties interacted with latest Persian philosophical currents and advanced right into a precise philosophical 'Kalam', or dogmatic theology. one of the definitive masters of either Shi'i and Sunni theologians have been a number of Persians, leader between them Al-Ghazzali and Fakhr al-Din Al-Razi, who're prominently represented the following. very important decisions from either Shi'i and Sunni theological faculties (including Mu'tazila and Ash'ariyya) are incorporated within the quantity, a lot of that have by no means ahead of been to be had in translation within the West before.
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Extra info for An Anthology of Philosophy in Persia, Volume 3: Philosophical Theology in the Middle Ages and Beyond
Among the more notable of them one can mention Abū Rashīd Saʿīd alNayshābūrī, a central figure in the school of Baghdad, Abū Muḥammad al-Ḥasan ibn Mattawayh and finally Yūsuf al-Baṣīr, a Jewish theologian belonging to the school of Karaism which had borrowed much from Islamic sources. ʿAbd al-Jabbār also had his opponents who were primarily among the Ash‘arites. Ibn Kullāb who was the central figure of the School of Kullābiyyah and Hishām ibn al-Ḥakam, from an extensive list about whom ʿAbd al-Jabbār writes, were also his opponents.
H. Nasr selections from Madhāhib al-Islāmiyyīn Translated for this volume by Majid Fakhry from ʿAbd al-Raḥmān Badawī’s Madhāhib al-Islāmiyyīn (Schools of Thought of the Muslims) (Beirut, 1983), pp. 233–242 (selected passages). 1. On Body and Motion Al-Naẓẓām defines body as ‘that which has length, width and depth and whose parts have no determined number. ’ ‘All bodies are in motion, motion being of two types: natural upward and downward motion (iʿtimād), and transition. Thus they are all movable in reality, but at rest in linguistic usage.
Aminrazavi the book that makes others superfluous al-Mughnī fī abwāb al-tawḥīd waʾl-ʿadl Translated for this volume by Daniel C. Peterson based on Qāḍī ʿAbd al-Jabbār’s al-Mughnī fī abwāb al-tawḥīd waʾl-ʿadl (Cairo, 1950), section 4, pp. 99–112 and 113–114.
An Anthology of Philosophy in Persia, Volume 3: Philosophical Theology in the Middle Ages and Beyond by Seyyed Hossein Nasr, Mehdi Aminrazavi