By Robin Gendron, Mats Ingulstad, Espen Storli
Because the key part in aluminum creation, bauxite has develop into probably the most vital minerals of the final 100 years. to a couple it introduced monetary and political virtue, yet for plenty of others, its improvement left a legacy of exploitation. Aluminum Ore explores the background of bauxite within the 20th century and the worldwide forces that this heritage represents, from its strategic improvement within the First global warfare to its function within the globalization of markets as businesses from the northern hemisphere vied for the assets of the south. that includes essays via students from world wide, this wide-ranging assortment is a heritage of 1 crucial mineral and a brand new standpoint on a time of change.
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Additional resources for Aluminum Ore: The Political Economy of the Global Bauxite Industry
The Hungary case is a potent illustration of how politicized the bauxite industry became during the First World War and in the interwar years. Because of aluminum’s military importance, secure access to bauxite was a question of national security. This was especially so for Germany, a country that lacked good-quality deposits. From 1914 onward, the German state therefore got actively involved in the race for bauxite. The German demand created opportunities for entrepreneurs like Count Kornis, and just as in British Guiana, it was the combination of foreign capital and local initiative that led to Hungarian bauxite being incorporated into the international economy.
First, in all four cases, multinational companies played pivotal roles in opening up the deposits. 4 This has been especially true for the bauxite-aluminum industry because of its capital-intensive nature, its technological complexity, and the importance of vertical integration. However, corporate strategies cannot by themselves explain why the bauxite industry spread around the world. In the interwar period, no new bauxite regions were opened without the active involvement of states, in particular the governments of the major powers.
The eighth chapter, by Robin S. Gendron, makes clear why the companies were indeed apprehensive about their investments overseas without the continued support of determined colonialist governments. As the Can adian government prioritized improving political relations with the newly independent governments, Alcan was left vulnerable to the nationalist aspirations of the Guinean and Guyanese governments. This chapter also highlights the growing pressure on aluminum companies in the late twentieth century to become better corporate citizens as they operated in developing countries around the world.
Aluminum Ore: The Political Economy of the Global Bauxite Industry by Robin Gendron, Mats Ingulstad, Espen Storli