By S. Galant, A. Vaféas, T. Pagano, E. Peirano (auth.), Gianluigi Migliavacca (eds.)
The re-engineering of energy transmission structures is important to assembly the ambitions of such regulators because the ecu Union. as well as its industry, organisational and regulatory points, this re-engineering also will contain technical matters facing the revolutionary integration of leading edge transmission applied sciences within the day-by-day operation of transmission procedure operators. during this context, complicated applied sciences for destiny Transmission Grids offers an summary of the main promising applied sciences, more likely to be of aid to planners of transmission grids in responding to the demanding situations of the long run: defense of provide; integration of renewable new release; and construction of built-in power markets (using the ecu case as an example). those concerns have elevated significance due to administrative trouble and the fragmentation of public opinion expressed at the increase of latest infrastructure. for every expertise mentioned, the point of interest is at the technical-economic viewpoint instead of on in simple terms technological issues of view. A transmission-system-operator-targeted expertise Roadmap is gifted for the mixing of promising leading edge strength transmission applied sciences inside strength structures of the mid-long time period. even though the first concentration of this article is within the sphere of the ecu strength marketplace, the teachings discovered should be generalized to the strength markets of different regions.
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Additional resources for Advanced Technologies for Future Transmission Grids
The function of the cable components as given in the Fig. 1 is the following: • The cable conductor is the most important component. It may be copper or aluminum. Its main function is to carry the nominal load current and the fault current of the system. The design of the conductor may be round stranded, segmental, or solid, and the selection of the right size is fundamental for the reduction of the power losses and to maintain the conductor temperature within acceptable limits, which for the modern extruded transmission cables is 90 C.
The metallic screen has the main function to represent the earth electrode and to contain the electric field inside the cable; other functions of the metallic screen are to carry the cable capacitive current and the fault current of the system. Depending on the cable performances and installation conditions the metallic screen may have different compositions or configurations. Metallic sheaths such as lead and corrugated or smooth aluminum may be used; copper wires alone or combined with copper or aluminum foil or with the above metallic sheath are also possible solutions.
Such action agendas include the likely evolution towards an increasing maturity of each technology along its life cycle. In parallel, a qualitative assessment of the benefits deriving from the integration of the technology into the system (compared to a conventional base case) and cost elements (when available) are also presented, the aim being to provide European TSOs with key elements and guidelines to support their decision-making process, allowing the inclusion of innovative technologies among the possible reinforcement options of transmission expansion planning processes.
Advanced Technologies for Future Transmission Grids by S. Galant, A. Vaféas, T. Pagano, E. Peirano (auth.), Gianluigi Migliavacca (eds.)