By John M. Hagedorn
“Street gangs reflect the inhuman goals and greed of society’s trendsetters and deities whilst they try to the loss of life over scraps from the desk of the overseas drug exchange. yet John Hagedorn, regularly, additionally unearths desire within the contradictory values of outlaw youth—selflessness, unity, and love amid cupidity and directionless rage—and he keeps the wish tradition of resistance will finally be triumphant over the forces of self-destruction. even if one stocks his optimism or now not, he makes a compelling case that the way forward for the area may be made up our minds at the streets of our cities.” —Mike Davis, from the Foreword
“A international of Gangs is an illuminating trip round the cultures, lives, tragedies, and desires of hundreds of thousands of rebellious formative years round the planet. it really is an vital paintings to appreciate the realm we are living in and crucial interpreting for college kids of towns and communities.” —Manuel Castells
For the greater than one thousand million those who now reside in city slums, gangs are ubiquitous positive factors of lifestyle. even though nonetheless such a lot heavily linked to American towns, gangs are an entrenched, around the globe phenomenon that play an important function in quite a lot of actions, from drug dealing to extortion to spiritual and political violence. In an international of Gangs, John Hagedorn explores this foreign proliferation of the city gang on account of the ravages of globalization.
Looking heavily at gang formation in 3 global cities-Chicago, Rio de Janeiro, and Capetown-he discovers that a few gangs have institutionalized as a method to confront a hopeless cycle of poverty, racism, and oppression. specifically, Hagedorn unearths, the nihilistic charm of gangsta rap and its highway ethic of survival “by any capacity necessary” offers very important insights into the ideology and patience of gangs around the globe. This groundbreaking paintings concludes on a hopeful notice. presenting ways that gangs will be inspired to beat their violent developments, Hagedorn appeals to group leaders to take advantage of the urgency, outrage, and resistance universal to either gang existence and hip-hop with a purpose to carry gangs into broader events for social justice.
John M. Hagedorn is affiliate professor of felony justice on the college of Illinois, Chicago. he's editor of Gangs within the worldwide urban and writer of the hugely influential humans and people: Gangs, Crime, and the Underclass in a Rustbelt City.
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Extra resources for A World of Gangs: Armed Young Men and Gangsta Culture
As Arundhati Roy explains: The thing to understand is that modern democracy is safely premised on an almost religious acceptance of the nation state. But corporate globalization is not. Liquid capital is not. 13 By the end of the 1990s, the IMF was imposing its neoclassical structural adjustment formula of cutting social beneﬁts in more than eighty countries. S. 15 The demise of the state may be premature, however. “The state does not disappear,” Manuel Castells adds. 19 What we can learn from a quick glance at the four corners of the globe is that gangs and other kinds of armed nonstate actors are a normal presence.
Not madness,” Aurelliano said. ” —g a b r i e l g a r c í a m á r q u e z , One Hundred Years of Solitude Gangs in Chicago, Cape Town, and Rio de Janeiro have been operating for decades. This chapter seeks to understand how and why such gangs persist. The history of institutionalized gangs in these three cities, like that of any organization, is highly mythologized. ”1 Such histories are memorized by gang members in prison and handed down from veteran Original Gangsters (“OGs”) to eager young recruits.
17 Hip-hop and its gangsta rap variant are cultural answers to the permanence of racism and oppression, a “resistance identity” in Castells’s schema. ” And that somebody is deﬁned not by schools, police, respectable citizens, or by you and me, but by young people themselves through hip-hop and all too often gangsta rap. ”19 In reality, today this culture is deﬁned by hip-hop, and this book challenges the notso-benign neglect by criminology of this central cultural characteristic of the street and its gangs.
A World of Gangs: Armed Young Men and Gangsta Culture by John M. Hagedorn