By Shosuke Haraguchi
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Extra info for A Theory of Stress and Accent
F. Babibu language: sabakubu raba kibitubu tobo nibitubu pobonbu kebetubu koboubu kibiyobo ubukaba ibi bibinbu gobo The systems in (3) and (5) have the effect of inserting after every vowel (and the so-called syllabic nasal) a syllable whose onset consists of [b] and whose vowel nucleus repeats the vowel of the preceding syllable. Some sample derivations follow: (6) asita nippon kyookai a. Kana transcript asita nitupon kiyoukai b. Underlying representation of (a) as i ta II III vcvcv ni tupon kiyoukai Mill III cvcwcw c.
Sagaa [ ru ] N 'go down1 (8a) can be interpreted as second-accented and (8b) as thirdaccented. As far as I have been able to determine, there appear to be no initial-accented or unaccented classes for three-syllable verbs. Four- or five-syllable verbs also have only two tonal distinctions, as illustrated in (9) and (10): Tone, Accent and Lengthening in Nakizin 33 (9) a. pha [ taaracu ] N b. haraama [ cu ] N 'work' 'wind' (10) a. nu [ ku(u)thamaaru ] N 'become warm' b. ara(a)tha [ mini ] N 'change' (9a) and (lOa) can be interpreted as second-accented and (9b), and (lOb) as fourth-accented.
E. a [ mii 'beach' 'black' 'flower' 'yeast, malt' 'candy' (39) The facts in (38) are not handled sufficiently by Nakasone's generalization in its present form. Notice, however, that this is exactly what the system in (30) and (31) predicts, and thus poses no problem for the theory being outlined here. Second, as we have already seen in (37), Vowel Lengthening becomes optional if the number of syllables in a word increases beyond a certain limit, which suggests that the length of a word plays a role in regulating the application of Vowel Lengthening.
A Theory of Stress and Accent by Shosuke Haraguchi