By Peter Scanlon, Stephen Aldington, Charles Wilkinson, David Matthews
This sensible medical guide covers the prognosis, remedy - either scientific and surgical - and long term administration of eye difficulties in individuals with diabetes. aimed toward the MDT excited about the care of sufferers with diabetes, it emphasizes the significance of standard screening and early prognosis and provides evidence-based advice.
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Additional resources for A Practical Manual of Diabetic Retinopathy Management
Hard exudates (sometimes now just referred to as exudates) (Fig. qxd 12/29/08 14:33 Page 34 34 Chapter 3 (a) Fig. 6 (Hard) exudates encroaching on the central fovea. (b) Fig. 5 (a) Blot haemorrhages in the right inferotemporal retina and a small patch of NVE. (b) Red-free photograph of the same patient with blot haemorrhages and small NVE. (a) be more superficial, particularly when retinal oedema is present. Hard exudate rings were defined in the ETDRS according to whether 10%, 50% or 90% or more HEs present were part of a ring.
5) Blot haemorrhages are deeper haemorrhages, which are a sign of retinal ischaemia in the area of the retina in which they occur and hence large numbers of blot haemorrhages are associated with significant retinal ischaemia. Other larger retinal haemorrhages (Fig. 4) Flame haemorrhages Flame haemorrhages are superficial haemorrhages just under the nerve fibre layer that can be seen in relatively mild forms of diabetic retinopathy and are also seen in systemic hypertension. Hard exudates (sometimes now just referred to as exudates) (Fig.
It has even been suggested that the dichotomy is false as there is a grey area between the two types1. As a broad generalization, type 1 diabetes occurs in those who are generally younger (so teenagers are more likely to have type 1, and those in middle age type 2) and thinner (so being overweight is a risk for type 2 diabetes and not for type 1). Type 1 diabetes has a rapid onset, and symptoms can be severe. Prompt medical intervention is almost always necessary. Type 2 diabetes is quite strongly genetic (being found in families from one generation to the next, and in brothers and sisters as they get to middle age or older) and is also related to becoming overweight or not taking enough exercise or both.
A Practical Manual of Diabetic Retinopathy Management by Peter Scanlon, Stephen Aldington, Charles Wilkinson, David Matthews