Read e-book online 1939: Countdown to War PDF

By Richard Overy

ISBN-10: 0670022098

ISBN-13: 9780670022090

A top historian re-creates the ultimate hours of peace in Europe.

On August 24, 1939, the realm held its collective breath as Hitler and Stalin signed the now notorious nonaggression pact, signaling an impending invasion of Poland and bold Western Europe to respond.

during this dramatic account of the ultimate days sooner than the outbreak of worldwide battle II, award-winning historian Richard Overy vividly chronicles the unraveling of peace, hour by means of grim hour, as politicians and traditional voters brace themselves for a conflict which can spell the tip of ecu civilization. not anything was once fullyyt predictable or inevitable. The West was hoping that Hitler might see feel in the event that they stood company. Hitler was once confident the West may go into reverse. Moments of uncertainty alternated with these of war of words; mystery intelligence was once utilized by either side to help their hopes. the single consistent characteristic was once the decision of Poland, a rustic created in simple terms in 1919, to guard its newfound independence opposed to a tremendously more suitable enemy. 1939 files a defining second within the violent historical past of the 20 th century.

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Extra resources for 1939: Countdown to War

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The two were even considering fighting a duel at one point, before cooler heads intervened. 11 By early August, Kluge was commanding infantry forces again. In September, Kluge objected to making the final drive on Moscow, saying that it was too late in the season. 12 The Soviets counterattacked on December 6, and on December 18, Field Marshal von Bock was relieved of the command of Army Group Center at his own request. 13 During the retreat from Moscow, Kluge extracted revenge on the generals with whom he had clashed.

Albert Seaton, The Fall of Fortress Europe, 1943–1945 (New York: 1981), p. 11 (hereafter cited as “Seaton, Fortress”). 10. Army Group B had been in Italy, where it had briefly shared military hegemony with Field Marshal Albert Kesselring’s Army Group C, with B in control of the north and C in the south. This situation had proven to be unworkable, and Hitler had been forced to choose between the two. Because Kesselring felt that defending Italy south of Rome was feasible, and because Rommel wanted to retreat to the Alps, Hitler placed Kesselring in overall command.

Young Marcks entered the army as a Fahnenjunker (officer-cadet) in the artillery in 1910. He was severely wounded in the face during World War I and bore the scars the rest of his life. His nose was particularly disfigured. Upon recovery, Marcks became a staff officer and joined the General Staff in 1917. After the war, he served in the Freikorps and later worked in the Defence Ministry for General Kurt von Schleicher. Later, when Schleicher was chancellor (1932–33), Marcks was his press secretary.

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1939: Countdown to War by Richard Overy

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